The first step in designing a WLAN to meet capacity demands is to perform adequate requirements gathering. This starts with a proper understanding of client device capabilities. Because RF is a shared environment, the capacity is determined by the capabilities of the AP infrastructure and the client devices, application bandwidth requirements, and the resulting airtime utilization that results from their unique combination.
In this first of three videos on high-density Wi-Fi design, I describe how these variables interact and can be used to derive a preliminary forecast of the required AP capacity to support the intended network load. I also walk through a few examples to highlight how to apply this method to both homogenous and heterogeneous client environments.
The resulting AP capacity forecast is a starting point to aid the RF design and site survey process. The value in deriving the AP capacity forecast is to ensure that capacity needs are properly accounted for in the site survey process. For example, even though one AP may provide adequate coverage in a university lecture hall, several more APs may be required for capacity. Historically, RF site surveys have only focused on providing adequate RF coverage for the physical area, which may provide sufficient signal in all desired locations but lack AP and channel capacity to successfully support the client and application load.
Once you’ve watched the examples in the video, walk through a few of your own scenarios using the requirements gathering worksheets in the appendix of the Aerohive High-Density Wi-Fi Design and Configuration Guide.
Stay tuned for the remaining two videos in this series, where I’ll cover key RF design and network configuration principles for high-density networks.
Read the Entire High-Density Wi-Fi Design Series:
Full Disclosure - This video was created in cooperation with Aerohive Networks, my current employer.